Some stomach-related disorders like inflammation of the stomach and intestinal gastritis, Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, and irritable bowel syndrome have become more and more common among the population. These diseases are caused by a malfunction of the immune system, which can generate an inflammation in the lining of the intestine.
Numerous studies have shown that pomegranates can have benefits on the intestine. In fact, it has been remarked that the pomegranate contains more than 100 substances, most of which having antioxidant properties. The most abundant substances are the ellagitannins and anthocyanins. These act as an anti-inflammatory and regulate the immune system; they also improve the symptoms of some of these diseases now so widespread and common.
The antioxidants in the pomegranate have the ability to withstand the acidic environment in the stomach and harmonise in the gut perfectly. Here they activate a series of molecular mechanisms that help in the reduction of the substances responsible for the inflammation.
Furthermore, it has also been noted that the pomegranate has antimicrobial potentials, and acts against pathogenic bacteria within the intestine. The antioxidant and functional substances contained in the pomegranate, have the ability to create specific environmental conditions that are unfavorable for the spread of harmful bacteria, to the benefit of the intestinal microflora.
The interesting thing is that these functions have been observed in different extracts from the pomegranate, including the flowers and the skin, also within the oil and the juice extracted from the fruits seeds.
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine Volume 2013 A Review on the Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Pomegranate in the Gastrointestinal Tract Elisa Colombo,1 Enrico Sangiovanni,1 andMario Dell’Agli1,2